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Mammalian turnover as an indicator of climatic and anthropogenic landscape modification: A new Meghalayan record (Late Holocene) in northern Iberia

Abstract: The Punta Lucero III cave is a natural trap where abundant vertebrate remains were accumulated during the Meghalayan (Late Holocene). To better understand the paleoenvironmental conditions in which this record was accumulated, the micromammal assemblage, comprising a minimum number of 1396 individuals belonging to 19 taxa, was studied using the Mutual Ecogeographic Range and the Habitat Weighting Method. Throughout ~2600 years, the micromammal community's quick turnover reflected a shift from patchy forests and humid meadows to open, shrubbier grasslands. The Late Holocene Thermal Maximum's humid and mild climatic conditions underwent a cooling and aridification phase, coeval with the Iron Age Cold Epoch. These concluded in a slight temperature rising, coeval with the Roman Warm Period. Macromammals experienced a shift from wild populations to domestic herds. Therefore, this work discusses a broader context for this mammalian turnover from a human cultural perspective.

 Authorship: Álvarez-Vena A., Marín-Arroyo A.B., Álvarez-Lao D.J., Laplana C., Arriolabengoa M., Ballesteros D., Aranburu A., Bilbao P., Astorqui Á., Díaz-Casado Y.,

 Fuente: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2023, 616, 111476

 Publisher: Elsevier

 Year of publication: 2023

 No. of pages: 21

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2023.111476

 ISSN: 0031-0182,1872-616X

 European project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/818299/EU/Subsistence and human resilience to sudden climatic events in Europe during MIS3/SUBSILIENCE/

Authorship

ÁLVAREZ-VENA, ADRIÁN

ÁLVAREZ-LAO, DIEGO J.

LAPLANA, CÉSAR

ARRIOLABENGOA, MARTÍN

BALLESTEROS, DANIEL

ARANBURU, ARANTZA

BILBAO, PERU

ASTORQUI, ÁNGEL

DÍAZ-CASADO, YOLANDA