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Increase of capacity in electric arc-furnace steel mill factories by means of a demand-side management strategy and ampacity techniques

Abstract: An electric arc-furnace is a complex industry which demands high levels of electrical energy in order to heat iron materials and other additives needed for the production of cast iron and/or steelmaking. The cost of the electrical energy demanded by the factory during the production can be greater than 20% of the overall cost. This kind of arc-furnace allows the production of steel with levels of scrap metal feedstock up to 100%. From an electrical point of view, the factory size in terms of its maximum apparent power demanded from the grid is designed to make use of the static capacity of the transmission line that supplies the energy. In that case, it is not possible to increase the power of the factory above the static rating by adding new facilites without installing new transmission infrastructures. This paper presents a methodology that allows an increase in net power of an arc-furnace factory without installing new transmission lines. The novelty of the proposed solution is based on a mix strategy that combines Demand-Side Management (DSM) methodologies and the use of ampacity techniques according IEEE 738 and CIGRE TB601. The application of DSM methodologies provides an improvement in the sustainability of not only the industrial customer but also in the overall grid. As a secondary effect, it reduces operational costs and the greenhouse gas emissions. The proposed methodology has been tested in an arc-furnace factory located in the North of Spain.

 Autoría: Manana M., Zobaa A.F., Vaccaro A., Arroyo A., Martinez R., Castro P., Laso A., Bustamante S.,

 Fuente: International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 2021, 124, 106337

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/01/2021

 Nº de páginas: 15

 Tipo de publicación: Article

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2020.106337

 ISSN: 0142-0615

 Proyecto español: RTC-2015-3795-3

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2020.106337