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Impact of environmental airborne manganese exposure on cognitive and motor functions in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract: Background/Objective: Whether environmental exposure to Manganese (Mn) in adults is associated with poorer results in cognitive and motor function is unclear. We aimed to determine these associations through a meta-analysis of published studies. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify epidemiological studies on a population _18 years old exposed to environmental airborne Mn, and in which results on specific tests to evaluate cognitive or motor functions were reported. We consulted Medline through PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS databases. We also performed a manual search within the list of bibliographic references of the retrieved studies and systematic reviews. To weight Mn effects, a random effects versus fixed effect model was chosen after studying the heterogeneity of each outcome. Results. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Among them, eleven studies reported data susceptible for meta-analysis through a pooled correlation or a standardized means difference (SMD) approach between exposed and non-exposed groups. Regarding cognitive function, the results of the studies showed heterogeneity among them (I2 = 76.49%, p < 0.001). The overall effect was a statistically significant negative correlation in the random effects model (pooled r = ??0.165; 95%CI: ??0.214 to ??0.116; p < 0.001). For SMD, the results showed a lower heterogeneity with a negative SMD that did not reach statistical significance under the fixed effects model (SMD = ??0.052; 95%CI ??0.108 to 0.004; p = 0.068). Regarding motor function, heterogeneity (I2 = 75%) was also observed in the correlation approach with a pooled r (random effect model) = ??0.150; 95%CI: ??0.219 to ??0.079; p < 0.001. Moderate heterogeneity was observed according to the SMD approach (I2 = 52.28%), with a pooled SMD = ??0.136; 95%CI: ??0.188 to??0.084; p < 0.001, indicating worse motor function in those exposed. Conclusions: Correlation approach results support a negative effect on cognitive and motor functions (the higher the Mn levels, the poorer the scores). Regarding the SMD approach, results also support a worse cognitive and motor functions in those exposed, although only for motor function statistical significance was obtained.

 Autoría: Ruiz-Azcona L., Fernández-Olmo I., Expósito A., Markiv B., Paz-Zulueta M., Parás-Bravo P., Sarabia-Cobo C., Santibáñez M.,

 Fuente: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, 18(8), 4075

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 13/04/2021

 Nº de páginas: 30

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18084075

 ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601

 Proyecto español: CTM2017-82636-R