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A comprehensive review on the proton conductivity of proton exchange membranes (PEMs) under anhydrous conditions: proton conductivity upper bound

Abstract: The present study aims to assess the proton conductivities of the most investigated proton exchange membranes (PEMs) used in PEM fuel cells (PEMFCs). Specifically, PEMs are analyzed for their use in anhydrous fuel cells and proton conductivity upper bounds were provided for them. Considering the direct relationship between proton conductivity and temperature, an upper bound is presented. Based on the obtained upper bounds, suitable membranes for high-temperature performance are determined, and the average range of proton conductivity for each polymer group is discussed. By comparing the available proton conductivity data with upper bound, it was demonstrated that some of poly (ionic liquid)s have provided the highest proton conductivities, however aromatic polymers such as polybenzimidazole (PBI) are found more suitable choices for application at anhydrous conditions and high temperatures. The proton conductivity upper bound for anhydrous PEMs demonstrates the availability of promising polymer options for the deployment of anhydrous fuel cells.

 Autoría: Karimi M.B., Hooshyari K., Salarizadeh P., Beydaghi H., Ortiz- Martínez V.M., Ortiz A., Ortiz Uribe I., Mohammadi F.,

 Fuente: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2021, 46(69), 34413-34437

Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Fecha de publicación: 06/10/2021

Nº de páginas: 25

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.08.015

ISSN: 0360-3199,1879-3487

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.08.015

Autores/as

KARIMI, MOHAMMAD BAGHER

HOOSHYARI, KHADIJEH

SALARIZADEH, PARISA

BEYDAGHI, HOSSEIN

VICTOR MANUEL ORTIZ MARTINEZ

FEREIDOON MOHAMMADI