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Results of Pregnancy Control before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison of Two Cohorts

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic placed pregnant women at high risk, but behavioural changes have also led to lower rates of preterm births in high-income countries. The main goal of this article is to study the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnancy control and outcomes; this is a joint analysis of two cohorts. The pre-pandemic cohort includes 969 pregnant women recruited in 2018. The pandemic cohort comprises 1168 pregnant women recruited in 2020. Information on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, reproductive history, characteristics of the current pregnancy and its outcome were obtained from medical records. Birth by Caesarean section was more frequent in the pre-pandemic cohort (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.92). A birth weight lower than 2500 g and higher than 4000 g occurred more frequently in the pre-pandemic cohort (adjusted OR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.41-0.93 for lower than 2500 g and adjusted OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.20-0.46 for higher than 4000 g). Exclusive breastfeeding upon hospital discharge was more frequent in the pandemic cohort than in the pre-pandemic cohort (60% vs. 54%, p = 0.005), with adjusted OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.52-0.86 for mixed breastfeeding and infant formula. In conclusion, we report reductions in Caesarean sections and reduced numbers of low birth weight babies during the pandemic in a hospital located in northern Spain. Further analysis will clarify if these reductions are related to changes in health-related behaviour or healthcare operation.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Int J Environ Res Public Health . 2021 Aug 2;18(15):8182

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2021

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18158182

ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601

Url de la publicación: https://www.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158182

Autores/as

ZULUETA, PELAYO FRANK DE

LÓPEZ-GÓMEZ, SONIA

ORALLO, VICTORIA

AROZAMENA-LLANO, BARBARA

JUBETE, YOLANDA

MOACC-19 GROUP