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Abstract: Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of TCZ in monotherapy (TCZMONO) vs. combined with conventional immunosuppressive drugs (TCZCOMBO) in Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) in a clinical practice scenario.
Methods: Multicenter study of 134 patients with refractory GCA. Patients on TCZMONO (n = 82) were compared with those on TCZCOMBO (n = 52). Drugs were methotrexate (MTX) (n = 48), azathioprine (n = 3), and leflunomide (n = 1). The main outcomes were: prolonged remission (normalization of clinical and laboratory parameters for at least 6 months) and the number of relapses.
Results: Patients on TCZCOMBO were younger (68.8 ± 8.0 vs 71.2 ± 9.0 years; p = 0.04), with a trend to a longer GCA duration (median [IQR],18.5 [6.25-34.0] vs. 13.0 [7.75-33.5] months; p = 0.333), higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (2.1[1-4.7] vs 1.2 [0.2-2.4] mg/dL; p = 0.003), and more prevalence of extra-cranial large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) (57% vs. 34.1%; p = 0.007). In both groups, rapid and sustained improvement was observed. Despite the longer GCA duration, and the higher CRP levels and prevalence of LVV in the TCZCOMBO, the improvement was similar in both groups at 12 months. Moreover, in the TCZCOMBO group, prolonged remission was significantly higher at 12-month. Relapses and serious adverse events were similar in both groups.
Conclusion: In clinical practice, TCZ in monotherapy or combined with conventional immunosuppressive agents is effective and safe in patients with GCA. Nevertheless, the addition of immunosuppressive drugs, usually MTX, seems to allow a higher rate of prolonged remission, even in patients with a longer GCA duration, more extra-cranial LVV involvement, and higher acute-phase reactants.
Fuente: Semin Arthritis Rheum
. 2021 Apr;51(2):387-394
Año de publicación: 2021
Nº de páginas: 8
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semarthrit.2021.01.006
DE MIGUEL, EUGENIO
DIANA PRIETO PEÑA
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON
JOSE LUIS HERNANDEZ HERNANDEZ
RICARDO BLANCO ALONSO
TOCILIZUMAB IN GIANT CELL ARTERITIS SPANISH COLLABORATIVE GROUP