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Climate-Based Emulator of Distant Swell Trains and Local Seas Approaching a Pacific Atoll

Abstract: Wave-induced flooding is a major coastal hazard for the low-lying atolls of the Pacific. These flooding events are expected to increase over time, which may cause significant coastal damage in some locations. Coastal flooding analysis (forensic or forecasted) is particularly challenging in these small islands due to the co-occurrence of several swells and local seas propagating in a complex configuration of archipelagos. Therefore, assessing the contribution of swells and wind seas on the flooding hazards that threaten the atoll islands requires the spectral characterization of the wave climate, since integrated wave parameters do not accurately represent the wave conditions in these environments. On the other hand, the relative short records of wave conditions, represent only a small fraction of the possible range of combinations that could produce a wave-induced flooding event. For these reasons, we propose the analysis of all the spectral energy arriving toward a study site, by isolating and parameterizing each swell train. Then, taking into account the link with large-scale climatic patterns (i.e., El Niño Southern Oscillation), we present a new multi-modal seas emulator capable of generating infinitely long time series of synthetic individual swell trains and seas. This new climate-based emulator allows a better understanding of swell behavior in the Pacific, and the generation of multimodal wave conditions to populate the historical records as a key point to perform robust coastal flood risk assessments considering climate variability.

 Fuente: Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans 2021, 126(6), e2020JC016919

Editorial: John Wiley & Sons

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2021

Nº de páginas: 20

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1029/2020JC016919

ISSN: 2169-9275,2169-9291,0148-0227

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JC016919