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Influence of socioeconomic status on SARS-CoV-2 infection in spanish pregnant women. The MOACC-19 Cohort

Abstract: Little is known on socio-economic factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women. Here, we analyze the relationship between educational, occupational, and housing variables with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a cohort of 988 pregnant women in Spain. Pregnant women were recruited at the University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain, among those delivering from 23 March 2020 onwards or consulting for their 12th week of pregnancy from 26 May 2020 onwards. Information on occupational variables and housing characteristics was self-reported. Pregnant women were tested for a current or past infection of SARS-CoV-2 using both PCR and antibodies detection (ELISA). Logistic regression models were used to analyze factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection, adjusting for age and country of origin. Infection by SARS-CoV-2 was not associated with educational level or occupational variables, except for where the pregnant woman was a healthcare worker (odds ratio (OR) = 2.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.84-9.79). Housing with four or more rooms (OR = 2.07, 95% CI: 0.96-4.47), four or more people in the household (OR = 1.91, 95% CI: 0.89-4.14), lack of heating (OR = 2.81, 95% CI: 1.24-6.34) and less than 23 square meters per person (OR = 3.97, 95% CI: 1.43-11.1) were the housing characteristics associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Housing characteristics, but not occupational or educational variables, were associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Guidelines on the prevention of COVID-19 should reinforce household measures to prevent pregnant women from becoming infected by their relatives.

 Autoría: Llorca J., Lechosa-Muñiz C., Lasarte-Oria L., Cuesta-González R., López-Hoyos M., Gortázar P., Gómez-Acebo I., Dierssen-Sotos T., Cabero-Pérez M.J.,

 Fuente: Int J Environ Res Public Health . 2021 May 12;18(10):5133

 Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2021

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18105133

 ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601