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Atypical presentation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease as subglottic stenosis: a case-based review

Abstract: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized fibro-inflammatory pathology that has been reported to affect principally the retroperitoneum, hepatobiliary system, salivary glands, orbital structures or lymph nodes. However, IgG4-RD with laryngeal involvement is a very rare entity. Our aims were to describe a case of subglottic stenosis as first and only manifestation of IgG4-RD and review the literature. A patient with IgG4-RD affecting the larynx that presented as subglottic stenosis is described. A MEDLINE database search of IgG4-RD cases with laryngopharyngeal manifestations was also conducted. A 30-year-old Caucasian woman was referred to a tertiary care hospital for dyspnea on exertion, which had been increasing for the last 4 months. Medical and surgical procedures revealed a subglottic stenosis, with a histological finding of IgG4 positive plasma cell infiltration. There was no evidence of other organ involvement. She was successfully treated with oral glucocorticoids and rituximab infusions. Glucocorticoids were rapidly tapered and the rituximab regimen was optimized, with no evidence of relapses. In the literature review, we found a total of 12 reported cases with laryngopharyngeal involvement, two of them with subglottic stenosis. IgG4-RD of the larynx is rare but should be considered after excluding more common disorders.

 Autoría: Atienza-Mateo B., Díaz de Terán-López T., Gómez-Román J., Sánchez L., Mons-Lera R., Rubio-Suárez A., Cifrián J.M., González-Gay M.,

 Fuente: Rheumatol Int . 2021 Jun;41(6):1161-1167

Editorial: Springer international

 Año de publicación: 2021

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s00296-021-04816-4

ISSN: 0172-8172,1437-160X

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-021-04816-4

Autores/as

BELÉN ATIENZA MATEO

DÍAZ DE TERÁN LÓPEZ, TERESA

SÁNCHEZ, LAURA

MONS LERA, ROBERTO

ANTONIO RUBIO SUAREZ