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Abstract: A decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatment (WLST) is derived by a conclusion that further treatment will not ena ble a patient to survive or will not produce a functional outcome with acceptable quality of life that the patient and the treating team regard as benefcial. Although many hospitalized patients die under such circumstances, controlled donation after the circulatory determination of death (cDCDD) programs have been developed only in a reduced number of countries. This International Collaborative Statement aims at expanding cDCDD in the world to help countries progress towards self-sufciency in transplantation and ofer more patients the opportunity of organ dona tion. The Statement addresses three fundamental aspects of the cDCDD pathway. First, it describes the process of determining a prognosis that justifes the WLST, a decision that should be prior to and independent of any considera tion of organ donation and in which transplant professionals must not participate. Second, the Statement establishes the permanent cessation of circulation to the brain as the standard to determine death by circulatory criteria. Death may be declared after an elapsed observation period of 5 min without circulation to the brain, which confrms that the absence of circulation to the brain is permanent. Finally, the Statement highlights the value of perfusion repair for increasing the success of cDCDD organ transplantation. cDCDD protocols may utilize either in situ or ex situ perfusion consistent with the practice of each country. Methods to accomplish the in situ normothermic reperfusion of organs must preclude the restoration of brain perfusion to not invalidate the determination of death.
Fuente: Intensive Care Medicine volume 47, pages 265-281 (2021)
Editorial: Springer Nature
Fecha de publicación: 26/02/2021
Nº de páginas: 17
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-06341-7
CAPRON, ALEXANDER M.
MANARA, ALEXANDER R.
BERNAT, JAMES L.
EDUARDO MIÑAMBRES GARCIA
SINGH, JEFREY M.
PORTE, ROBERT J.
MARKMANN, JAMES F.
VAN RAEMDONCK, DIRK
HENDERSON, GALEN V.
GLAZIER, ALEXANDRA K.