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Zinc recovery and waste sludge minimization from chromium passivation baths

Abstract: This work reports the feasibility of applying emulsion pertraction technology (EPT) aiming at zinc recovery and waste minimization in the zinc electroplating processes that include Cr (III) passivation. The assessment consists of firstly the lifetime extension of the passivation baths by selective removal of the tramp ions zinc and iron, and secondly, the recovery of zinc for further reuse. Spent passivation baths from a local industry were tested, being the major metallic content: Cr3+ 9000 mg L-1, Zn2+ 12,000 mg L-1, Fe3+ 100 mg L-1. Working in a Liqui-Cel hollow fiber membrane contactor and using the extractant bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) phosphinic acid, reduction of zinc and iron concentrations below 60 mg L-1 and 2 mg L-1, respectively were obtained, while trivalent chromium, the active metal that generates the passivation layer, was retained in the baths. Zinc was selectively transferred to an acidic stripping phase that in the experimental time reached a concentration of 157,000 mg L-1. Zinc recovery by electrowinning from the acidic stripping phase without any pretreatment of the electrolyte solution provided a purity of 98.5%, matching the lower commercial zinc grade. As a result of the extension of the life time of the passivation bath, significant environmental advantages are derived such as minimization of the volume of hazardous wastes and savings in the consumption of raw materials.

 Autoría: Diban N., Mediavilla R., Urtiaga A., Ortiz I.,

 Fuente: Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 192(2), 801-807

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 30/08/2011

 Nº de páginas: 7

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.05.091

 ISSN: 0304-3894,1873-3336

 Proyecto español: CTM2006-00317

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.05.091