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Abstract: Magnetic nanoparticles exhibit two different local symmetry environments, one ascribed to the core and one corresponding to the nanoparticle surface. This implies the existence of a dual spin dynamics, leading to the presence of two different magnetic arrangements governed by different correlation lengths. In this work, two ensembles of NdCu2 nanoparticles with mean sizes of 18 nm and 13 nm have been produced to unravel the magnetic couplings established among the magnetic moments located within the core and at the nanoparticle surface. To this end, we have combined neutron diffraction measurements, appropriate to investigate magnetically-ordered spin arrangements, with time-dependent macroscopic AC susceptibility measurements to reveal memory and aging effects. The observation of the latter phenomena are indicative of magnetically-frustrated states. The obtained results indicate that, while the Nd3+ magnetic moments located within the nanoparticle core keep the bulk antiferromagnetic commensurate structure in the whole magnetic state, the correlations among the surface spins give rise to a collective frustrated spin-glass phase. The interpretation of the magnetic structure of the nanoparticles is complemented by specific-heat measurements, which further support the lack of incommensurability in the nanoparticle state.
Fuente: Scientific reports (2022) 12:9733
Editorial: Nature Publishing Group
Año de publicación: 2022
Nº de páginas: 10
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-13817-7
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ELIZABETH MARTIN JEFREMOVAS
ALBA VENERO, D.
BLANCO, J. A.
LUIS FERNANDEZ BARQUIN