Buscar

Estamos realizando la búsqueda. Por favor, espere...

 Detalle_Publicacion

A multidisciplinary approach to characterise the Early-Middle Holocene palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Sado Valley of Portugal: Implications for late Mesolithic human communities

Abstract: In this paper we present the results of a multidisciplinary study performed in the Carrasqueira valley, a tributary of the River Sado (SW Portugal), aimed at characterising the Holocene environmental conditions during the late Mesolithic occupation of this valley. Our findings are based on a 13.5 m long sediment core (Arez3) collected on the alluvial plain close to a late Mesolithic shell midden, the Arapouco site. The results of the multiproxy analyses (texture, magnetic susceptibility, organic composition and chemistry, n-alkanes and palynology) point to a greater marine influence between ca. 8850 cal yrs. B.P. (at the core base) and ca. 7450 cal yrs. B.P. (at 750 cm below mean sea level (MSL)) and the existence of an environment similar to the present-day central estuarine basin. At this point in time, sedimentation rates were lower than the rate of sea-level rise, resulting in the formation of a drowned area with intertidal environments developing on the less incised margins. After 7040 cal yrs. B.P. the contribution of organic matter from terrestrial plants and freshwater phytoplankton to the sediment increased, reflecting a change in the sedimentary pattern, with the estuarine environments progressively giving way to freshwater environments. After the Middle Holocene (ca. 6530 cal yrs. B.P.), negative shifts of D15N to values ~0%o point to hyper-eutrophication and cyanobacteria bloom episodes under backswamp conditions. According to these results, the estuarine environment prevailed in the area until 7040 cal yrs. B.P. (5090 cal yrs. B.C.; 390 cm below MSL), i.e., during the Mesolithic occupation of the valley, allowing for the occurrence and for the exploitation of marine shellfish and fish by these hunter-gatherer communities at the proximity of the downstream occupation areas.

 Autoría: Costa A.M., Freitas M.d.C., Jiménez-González M.A., Jiménez-Morillo N.T., Dias C.B., Val-Péon C., Reicherter K., Fatela F., Araújo A.C., Gabriel S., Leira M., Diniz M., Arias P.,

 Fuente: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 598, 2022, 111015

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 15/07/2022

Nº de páginas: 20

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.111015

ISSN: 0031-0182,1872-616X

Proyecto español: HAR2017-82557-P

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.111015

Autores/as

MESTRE ANA COSTA

MARIA DA CONCEIÇAO POMBO DE FREITAS

JIMÉNEZ-GONZÁLEZ, MARCO A.

JIMÉNEZ-MORILLO, NICASIO T.

BARROCA DIAS, CRISTINA

VAL-PÉON, CRISTINA

REICHERTER, KLAUS

FATELA, FRANCISCO

ARAÚJO, ANA CRISTINA

GABRIEL, SÓNIA

LEIRA, MANEL

MARIANA DINIZ