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Averaging the AGN X-ray spectra from deep Chandra fields

Abstract: Context. The emission line most often observed in the X-ray spectra of active galactic nuclei (AGN) is Fe?K?. It is known that it can be broadened and deformed by relativistic effects if emitted close enough to the central super massive black hole (SMBH). Recent statistical studies of the X-ray spectra of AGN samples have found that a narrow Fe line is ubiquitous, while whether the broad features are as common it is still uncertain. Aims. We present here the results of an investigation on the characteristics of the Fe line in the average X-ray spectra of AGN in deep Chandra fields. Methods. The average spectrum of the AGN was computed using Chandra spectra with more than 200 net counts from the AEGIS, Chandra deep field north (CDFN) and Chandra deep field south (CDFS) surveys. The sample spans a broader range of X-ray luminosities than other samples studied with stacking methods up to z ~ 3.5. We analyzed the average spectra of this sample using our own averaging method, checking the results against extensive simulations. Subsamples defined in terms of column density of the local absorber, redshift, and luminosity were also investigated. Results. We found a very significant Fe line with a narrow profile in all our samples and in almost all the subsamples that we constructed. The equivalent width of the narrow line estimated in the average spectrum of the full sample is 74 eV. In the subsample of AGN with L < 1.43 × 1044 erg?s-1 and z < 0.76, the equivalent width is 108 eV.

 Autoría: Falocco S., Carrera F.J., Corral A., Laird E., Nandra K., Barcons X., Page M.J., Digby-North J.,

 Fuente: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2012, 583, A83

 Editorial: EDP Sciences

 Fecha de publicación: 09/02/2012

 Nº de páginas: 14

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117965

 ISSN: 0004-6361,1432-0746

 Proyecto español: AYA2009-08059

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201117965