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Suicidal behaviour in first-episode non-affective psychosis: Specific risk periods and stage-related factors

Abstract: Suicide is a major cause of premature death in psychosis. Earlier stages have been associated with higher risk. However, such risk periods have not been specifically determined and risk factors for suicidal behaviour may change over those periods, which may have crucial implications for suicide prevention. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize the highest risk period for suicide in a representative sample of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients. Suicidal behaviour prior to first presentation of psychosis and during a 3-year follow-up was examined in a sample of 397 individuals. Risk factors for suicidal behaviour during specific time periods were investigated and compared. The greatest suicide risk was found during the month before and 2 months after first contact with psychiatric services (i.e., ‘early’ attempts). Severity of depressive symptoms and cannabis use emerged as predominant risk factors across time. ‘Early’ attempters were characterized as being male, living in urban areas, having poor premorbid adjustment, requiring hospitalization, scoring higher on anxiety measures and unusual thought content than non-attempters. Greater suspiciousness and more severe depressive symptoms distinguished the ‘late’ attempters. In conclusion, there is a specific high risk period for suicide in FEP around the time of the first presentation. Early intervention programmes targeting phase-specific risk factors, particularly psychotic symptoms management and secondary depression prevention strategies may be useful for suicide prevention in psychosis.

 Fuente: Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015 Dec;25(12):2278-88

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2015

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.09.008

ISSN: 0924-977X,1873-7862

Autores/as

MARIA ROSA AYESA ARRIOLA

GARCÍA ALCARÁZ, ELISA

BEGOÑA VICENTE HERNANDEZ

ROCIO PEREZ IGLESIAS

LÓPEZ MORÍÑIGO, JAVIER DAVID

DUTA, RINA

DAVID, ANTHONY S

TABARES SEISDEDOS, RAFAEL