There is a need to better understand the experience of patients living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the early stages.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the perception of quality of life in patients with early-stage AD.
A multicenter, non-interventional study was conducted including patients of 50?90 years of age with prodromal or mild AD, a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ?22, and a Clinical Dementia Rating-Global score (CDR-GS) of 0.5.?1.0. The Quality of Life in Alzheimer ?s Disease (QoL-AD) questionnaire was used to assess health-related quality of life. A battery of self-report instruments was used to evaluate different psychological and behavioral domains. Associations between the QoL-AD and other outcome measures were analyzed using Spearman?s rank correlations.
A total of 149 patients were included. Mean age (SD) was 72.3 (7.0) years and mean disease duration was 1.4 (1.8) years. Mean MMSE score was 24.6 (2.1). The mean QoL-AD score was 37.9 (4.5). Eighty-three percent (n = 124) of patients had moderate-to-severe hopelessness, 22.1% (n = 33) had depressive symptoms, and 36.9% (n = 55) felt stigmatized. The quality of life showed a significant positive correlation with self-efficacy and negative correlations with depression, emotional and practical consequences, stigma, and hopelessness.
Stigma, depressive symptoms, and hopelessness are frequent scenarios in AD negatively impacting quality of life, even in a population with short disease duration and minimal cognitive impairment.
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