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Planck 2013 results. XVII. Gravitational lensing by large-scale structure

Abstract: On the arcminute angular scales probed by Planck, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies are gently perturbed by gravitational lensing. Here we present a detailed study of this effect, detecting lensing independently in the 100, 143, and 217?GHz frequency bands with an overall significance of greater than 25s. We use thetemperature-gradient correlations induced by lensing to reconstruct a (noisy) map of the CMB lensing potential, which provides an integrated measure of the mass distribution back to the CMB last-scattering surface. Our lensing potential map is significantly correlated with other tracers of mass, a fact which we demonstrate using several representative tracers of large-scale structure. We estimate the power spectrum of the lensing potential, finding generally good agreement with expectations from the best-fitting ?CDM model for the Planck temperature power spectrum, showing that this measurement at z = 1100 correctly predicts the properties of the lower-redshift, later-time structures which source the lensing potential. When combined with the temperature power spectrum, our measurement provides degeneracy-breaking power for parameter constraints; it improves CMB-alone constraints on curvature by a factor of two and also partly breaks the degeneracy between the amplitude of the primordial perturbation power spectrum and the optical depth to reionization, allowing a measurement of the optical depth to reionization which is independent of large-scale polarization data. Discarding scale information, our measurement corresponds to a 4% constraint on the amplitude of the lensing potential power spectrum, or a 2% constraint on the root-mean-squared amplitude of matter fluctuations at z ~ 2.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: A&A 571, A17 (2014)

Editorial: EDP Sciences

 Fecha de publicación: 01/11/2014

Nº de páginas: 39

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321543

ISSN: 0004-6361,1432-0746

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321543