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Bone Morphogenetic Protein and Activin Membrane-Bound Inhibitor, a Transforming Growth Factor ß Rheostat That Controls Murine Treg Cell/Th17 Cell Differentiation and the Development of Autoimmune Arthritis by Reducing Interleukin-2 Signaling

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor ß (TGFß) plays a prominent role in the establishment of immunologic tolerance, and mice lacking TGFß1 die of multiorgan inflammation early in life. TGFß controls the differentiation of CD4+ lymphocytes into Treg cells or proinflammatory Th17 cells. Although this dual capacity is modulated by the presence of additional cytokines around the activated cells, TGFß also dissociates Th17/Treg cell differentiation in a dose-dependent manner by mechanisms still unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) to the modulation of TGFß activity during the differentiation of CD4+ cells and in the control of immunologic tolerance in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo Treg cell and Th17 cell differentiation and the development of CIA were compared in wild-type mice and BAMBI-deficient mice. RESULTS: BAMBI was induced after activation by TGFß and fixed the appropriate intensity level of TGFß signaling in CD4+ cells. Its deficiency protected mice against the development of CIA by a Treg cell- and TGFß-dependent mechanism. Mechanistically, BAMBI was found to regulate CD25 expression and interleukin-2 (IL-2) signaling in Treg cells and in IL-2- and/or TGFß-activated CD4+ cells and modulated Treg cell and Th17 cell differentiation both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: Taken together, the results indicate that BAMBI is a component of a rheostat-like mechanism that, through the control of TGFß and IL-2 signaling strength, regulates the differentiation of CD4+ lymphocytes and the development of autoimmune arthritis.

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 Fuente: Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Jun;68(6):1551-62

Editorial: John Wiley and Sons Ltd

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2016

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1002/art.39557

ISSN: 2326-5205,2326-5191

Proyecto español: SAF2012-34059 SAF2011-22463 SAF2014-55088-R IPT2011-1527-010000

Autores/as

JORGE POSTIGO FERNANDEZ

IGLESIAS LOZANO, MARCOS

PILAR ALVAREZ SAINZ DE LA MAZA

AUGUSTIN RODRÍGUEZ, JUAN JESÚS

LUIS BUELTA CARRILLO