Abstract: Suitable nutrition at first feeding in marine fish larvae is an important factor for successful larval and juvenile
rearing. In this way probiotic supplementationmay contribute to better face the habitual stress ofmetamorphosis
and weaning at early sole stages. The aimof this study was to optimize Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 administration to Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) at early stages of development. For this purpose, we studied the influence of a short pulse of S. putrefaciens Pdp11 (10?30 dah) on growth performance, gut microbiota modulation, digestive enzymes activities and body composition. These probiotic bacteria were incorporated using Artemia as live vector (2.5 × 107 cfu mL?1) and supplied to sole specimens in a co-feeding regime (Gemma, Skretting) by triplicate. S. putrefaciens Pdp11 colonized larval gut being present from23 to 119 dah. Probiotic supply significantly modulated larval and fry gut microbiota. A PCA analysis including all the parameters analyzed strongly associated S. putrefaciens Pdp11 presencewith a higher fish growth, a higher digestive proteolytic activity level and a fish body compositionmodulation along S. senegalensis rearing. In addition less size variability was obtained frommetamorphosis until the end of weaning. In conclusion a short pulse of S. putrefaciens Pdp11 (10? 30 dah) seems sufficient to obtain a suitable microbialmodulation involved in a better growth performance and body composition that suggests a great potential for sole aquaculture production.
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