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Retinoids and motor neuron disease: potential role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Abstract: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common neurodegenerative disease affecting motor neurons (MN). This fatal disease is characterized by progressive muscular atrophy and unfortunately it does not have an effective treatment. Although a small proportion of ALS cases have a familiar origin, the vast majority of them are thought to have a sporadic origin. Although the pathogenesis of ALS has not been fully elucidated, various disorders in different cellular functions such as gene expression, protein metabolism, axonal transport and glial cell disorders have been linked to MN degeneration. Among them, proteostasis is one of the best studied. Retinoids are vitamin A-derived substances that play a crucial role in embryogenesis, development, programmed cell death and other cellular functions. Retinoid agonists behave as transcription factors throughout the activation of the nuclear retinoid receptors. Several reports in the literature suggest that retinoids are involved in proteostasis regulation, by modulating its two major pathways, the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the autophagy-lysosome response. Additionally, there are some evidences for a role of retinoids themselves, in ALS pathogenesis. In this review, we discuss the importance of proteostasis disruption as a trigger forMNdegeneration and the capability of retinoids tomodulate it, as well as the potential therapeutic role of retinoids as a new therapy in ALS.

 Fuente: Journal of the Neurological Sciences 360 (2016) 115-120

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2016

Nº de páginas: 6

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2015.11.058

ISSN: 0022-510X,1878-5883