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Geophysical and archaeological evidences of of buried epipalaeolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age and roman architecture in west-central Syria

Abstract: The study area is one of many important archaeological sites located near the city of Homs in Syria. Here, the existence of archaeological remains was studied using two complementary geophysicalmethods: ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). The results provide evidence of localized buried remains and allowed detailed preexcavation tions validated the results obtained from the GPR and ERT surveys. In some areas, the presence of moist clayey soils caused significant attenuation of the radar signal. Conversely, under these circumstances, the contrast in electrical resistivity between natural soil and archaeological targets is enhanced and thus the ERT results identified the archaeological remains. Many two-dimensional (2D) profiles showed a set of high relative resistivity values depicting well-defined discontinuous structures within the first 2m of depth. Nevertheless, their geometrical distribution and shape was much more clearly defined in the depth slice maps generated from the three-dimensional (3D) blocks. As a result, data analysis provided a high-resolution image of the subsurface distribution of the electrical resistivity properties of each area surveyed that can easily be interpreted in terms of structures of archaeological interest.

 Autoría: Himi M., Armendariz A., Teira L., González J., Ibáñez J.J., Haïdar-Boustani M., Casas A.,

 Fuente: Archaeological Prospection, 2016, 23, 273-285

 Editorial: Wiley

 Año de publicación: 2016

 Nº de páginas: 13

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1002/arp.1543

 ISSN: 1075-2196,1099-0763

 Proyecto español: BHA2003-09685-CO2-01, HUM2007-66128-C02-01, HUM2007-66128-C02-02

 Url de la publicación: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/arp.1543

Autoría

HIMI, MAHJOUB

ANGEL ARMENDARIZ GUTIERREZ

LUIS CESAR TEIRA MAYOLINI

IBÁÑEZ, JUAN JOSÉ

HAÏDAR-BOUSTANI, MAYA

CASAS, ALBERT