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 Detalle_Publicacion

Rare genetic variants with large effect on triglycerides in subjects with a clinical diagnosis of familial vs nonfamilial hypertriglyceridemia

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Most primary severe hypertriglyceridemias (HTGs) are diagnosed in adults, but their molecular foundations have not been completely elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify rare dysfunctional mutations in genes encoding regulators of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) function in patients with familial and non-familial primary HTG. METHODS: We sequenced promoters, exons, and exon-intron boundaries of LPL, APOA5, LMF1, and GPIHBP1 in 118 patients with severe primary HTG (triglycerides >500 mg/dL) and 53 normolipidemic controls. Variant functionality was analyzed using predictive software and functional assays for mutations in regulatory regions. RESULTS: We identified 29 rare variants, 10 of which had not been previously described: c.(-16A>G), c.(1018+2G>A), and p.(His80Arg) in LPL; p.(Arg143Alafs*57) in APOA5; p.(Val140Ile), p.(Leu235Ile), p.(Lys520*), and p.(Leu552Arg) in LMF1; and c.(-83G>A) and c.(-192A>G) in GPIHBP1. The c.(1018+2G>A) variant led to deletion of exon 6 in LPL cDNA, whereas the c.(-16A>G) analysis showed differences in the affinity for nuclear proteins. Overall, 20 (17.0%) of the patients carried at least one allele with a rare pathogenic variant in LPL, APOA5, LMF1, or GPIHBP1. The presence of a rare pathogenic variant was not associated with lipid values, family history of HTG, clinical diagnosis, or previous pancreatitis. CONCLUSIONS: Less than one in five subjects with triglycerides >500 mg/dL and no major secondary cause for HTG may carry a rare pathogenic mutation in LPL, APOA5, LMF1, or GPIHBP1. The presence of a rare pathogenic variant is not associated with a differential phenotype

 Fuente: J Clin Lipidol. 2016 Jul-Aug;10(4):790-7

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2016

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2016.02.010

ISSN: 1933-2874,1876-4789

Autores/as

DE CASTRO OROS, I

CIVERIRA, F

PUEYO, M.J.

MATEO GALLEGO, R

ALFONSO BOLADO CARRANCIO

LAMÍQUIZ MONEO, I

ALVAREZ SALA, L

FABIANI, F

COFÁN, M

CENARRO, A

POCOVÍ, M