A mixed logit model for predicting exit choice during building evacuations

Abstract: Knowledge on human behaviour in emergency is crucial to increase the safety of buildings and transportation systems. Decision making during evacuations implies different choices, of which one of the most important concerns is the escape route. The choice of a route may involve local decisions on alternative exits from an enclosed environment. This study investigates the effect of environmental (presence of smoke, emergency lighting and distance of exit) and social factors (interaction with evacuees close to the exits and with those near the decision-maker) on local exit choice. This goal is pursued using an online stated preference survey carried out making use of non-immersive virtual reality. A sample of 1503 participants is obtained and a mixed logit model is calibrated using these data. The model shows that the presence of smoke, emergency lighting, distance of exit, number of evacuees near the exits and the decision-maker and flow of evacuees through the exits significantly affect local exit choice. Moreover, the model indicates that decision making is affected by a high degree of behavioural uncertainty. Our findings support the improvement of evacuation models and the accuracy of their results, which can assist in designing and managing building and transportation systems. The main aim of this study is to enrich the understanding of how local exit choices are made and how behavioural uncertainty affects these choices.

 Fuente: Transportation Research Part A : Policy and practice Volume 92, October 2016, Pages 59?75

Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2016

Nº de páginas: 17

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.06.018

ISSN: 0965-8564,1879-2375

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2016.06.018