Indel analysis by droplet digital PCR: A sensitive method for DNA mixture detection and chimerism analysis

Abstract: Several methods have been developed to determinate genetic profiles from a mixed samples and chimerism analysis in transplanted patients. The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of using the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for mixed chimerism detection (a mixture of genetic profiles resulting after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)).We analyzed 25 DNA samples from patients who had undergone HSCT and compared the performance of ddPCR and two established methods for chimerism detection, based upon the Indel and STRs analysis, respectively. Additionally, eight artificial mixture DNA samples were created to evaluate the sensibility of ddPCR. Our results show that the chimerism percentages estimated by the analysis of a single Indel using ddPCR were very similar to those calculated by the amplification of 15 STRs (r2 = 0.970) and with the results obtained by the amplification of 38 Indels (r2 = 0.975). Moreover, the amplification of a single Indel by ddPCR was sensitive enough to detect a minor DNA contributor comprising down to 0.5 % of the sample. We conclude that ddPCR can be a powerful tool for the determination of a genetic profile of forensic mixtures and clinical chimerism analysis when traditional techniques are not sensitive enough.

 Fuente: Int J Legal Med. 2017 Jan;131(1):67-72

Editorial: Springer

 Año de publicación: 2017

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s00414-016-1422-4

ISSN: 0937-9827,1437-1596