Abstract: This paper reports the results of a numerical investigation of the behavior of a natural soft clay deposit under the installation of a case study pile. The case study problem included installation of an instrumented close-ended displacement pile in a soft marine clay deposit, known as Bothkennar clay, in Scotland. The site has been used for a number of years as a geotechnical test bed site, and the clay has been comprehensively
characterized with both in situ tests and laboratory experiments. The soft soil behavior, both after pile installation and subsequent consolidation, was reproduced by using an advanced critical-state-based constitutive model that accounts for the anisotropy of soil fabric and destructuration effects during plastic straining. Furthermore, a time-dependent extension of the model was used to study soil creep and the significance of its consideration in the overall pile-installation effects. The simulation results were compared against field measurements; furthermore, for comparison, the pile installation was also analyzed using the well-known isotropic modified Cam-clay model to highlight the importance of considering inherent features of natural soil, such as anisotropy and structure, in the simulations. A series of sensitivity analyses was also performed to evaluate the influence of initial anisotropy and bonding values on simulation results and to check the reliability of the numerical analyses.
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