Abstract: Biological samples frompatientswho have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stemcell transplantation (HSCT)
constitute a challenge for individual identification. In this study we analyzed the genetic profiles (by the amplification
of 15 autosomic STRs) of HSCT patients found in different types of samples (blood, hair and urine) that
may be the source of DNA in civil or criminal forensic cases. Our results show that while in hair follicles the
donor component was not detected in any patient, thus being a reliable source of biological material for forensic
identification,mixed chimerismwas detected in urine samples fromall patient, and no correlationwas found between
the time elapsed from the transplant and the percentage of chimerism.
These results certainly have practical implications if the urine is being considered as a source of DNA for identification
purposes in HSTC patients.Moreover, taking into consideration that chimerismwas found not only in patients
with leukocyturia (given the hematopoietic origin of leukocytes, this was expected), but also in those
without observable leukocytes in the sediment, we conclude that an alternative source or sources of donor
DNA must be implicated.
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