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 Detalle_Publicacion

Functional analysis of new 3´ untranslated regions genetic variants in genes associated with genetic hypercholesterolemias

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the best-described autosomal dominant genetic hypercholesterolemia (GH). Mutations in candidate genes can explain a high proportion of FH cases, but for many, no causative mutations are detected (designed non-FG-GH), suggesting the existence of additional genetic variants associated with the disease. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify new single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) located at the 30 untranslated regions (30UTRs) of the low-density lipoprotein receptor, low-density lipoprotein receptor?related protein-associated protein 1, ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 5, and sterol regulatory element?binding protein 2 genes in non-FH-GH individuals and investigated whether the association of these SNVs with non-FH-GH could be explained by changes in the affinity of regulatory microRNAs (miRNA) targeting the sequences modified by the SNVs. METHODS: The study includes probands with non-FH-GH attending 2 lipid clinics in Spain. We performed functional analyses of selected variants using a luciferase reporter system. Through in silico target-prediction tools, we identified miRNAs, which binding to the 30UTR could be affected by the presence of specific SNVs. We used analogs and inhibitors of these miRNAs to test this possibility. RESULTS: We identified 11 new SNVs showing significant association with non-FH-GH. We show that the presence of 4 of these SNVs leads to significant changes in the transcriptional levels of the reporter gene. Through mechanistic analysis, we identified 2 miRNAs (miR-27a and miR-133-3p) targeting the 30UTR of sterol regulatory element?binding protein 2 and an additional miRNA (miR-92a) targeting the 30UTR of low-density lipoprotein receptor?related protein-associated protein 1.

 Fuente: Journal of Clinical Lipidology (2017) 11, 532-542

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2017

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2017.02.004

ISSN: 1933-2874,1876-4789

Autores/as

CASTRO ORÓS, ISABEL DE

COFÁN, MONTSERRAT

LAMIQUIZ MONEO, ITZIAR

CENARRO, ANA

ROS, EMILIO

CIVEIRA, FERNANDO

POCOVÍ, MIGUEL