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Decreasing the Expression of GABAA[alfa]5 Subunit-Containing Receptors Partially Improves Cognitive, Electrophysiological, and Morphological Hippocampal Defects in the Ts65Dn Model of Down Syndrome

Abstract: Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome (DS) is the most common cause of intellectual disability of a genetic origin. The Ts65Dn (TS) mouse, which is the most commonly used and best-characterized mouse model of DS, displays many of the cognitive, neuromorphological, and biochemical anomalies that are found in the human condition. One of the mechanisms that have been proposed to be responsible for the cognitive deficits in this mouse model is impaired GABAmediated inhibition. Because of the well-known modulatory role of GABAA ?5 subunit-containing receptors in cognitive processes, these receptors are considered to be potential targets for improving the intellectual disability in DS. The chronic administration of GABAA ?5-negative allosteric modulators has been shown to be procognitive without anxiogenic or proconvulsant side effects. In the present study, we use a genetic approach to evaluate the contribution of GABAA ?5 subunit-containing receptors to the cognitive, electrophysiological, and neuromorphological deficits in TS mice.We show that reducing the expression of GABAA ?5 receptors by deleting one or two copies of the Gabra5 gene in TS mice partially ameliorated the cognitive impairments, improved longterm potentiation, enhanced neural differentiation and maturation, and normalized the density of the GABAergic synapse markers. Reducing the gene dosage of Gabra5 in TS mice did not induce motor alterations and anxiety or affect the viability of the mice. Our results provide further evidence of the role of GABAA ?5 receptor-mediated inhibition in cognitive impairment in the TS mouse model of DS.

 Fuente: Molecular Neurobiology June 2018, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 4745-4762

Editorial: Springer

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2018

Nº de páginas: 18

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s12035-017-0675-3

ISSN: 0893-7648,1559-1182

Proyecto español: PSI2016-76194-R/ AEI/FEDER/UE

Url de la publicación: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-017-0675-3

Autores/as

VERONICA VIDAL SANCHEZ

GARCÍA CERRO, SUSANA

PAULA MARTINEZ FERNANDEZ

ANDREA CORRALES PARDO

SARA LANTIGUA ROMERO

REBECA VIDAL CASADO

OZMEN, LAURENCE

HERNÁNDEZ, MARIA CLEMENCIA