Characterization of the Infiltration Capacity of Porous Concrete Pavements with Low Constant Head Permeability Tests

Abstract: Porous concrete (PC) has been extensively used as a surface layer in permeable pavements. The effectiveness of this material in managing stormwater runoff depends not only on subsurface storage, but on infiltration capacity during rainfall events. A variety of tests have been traditionally used for assessing their infiltration capacity, however, there is still uncertainty about whether these tests produce representative performance results under real conditions. This study aims to propose a methodology based on saturated and unsaturated low constant head (LCH) permeability tests, in order to characterize in detail the infiltration performance of PC materials during storm events and predict their infiltration behavior over time. To this end, three different infiltration tests were performed on PC specimens, both in newly built conditions and after being clogged. These experiments included unsaturated LCH, Laboratorio Caminos Santander (LCS) (one falling head permeameter) and saturated LCH tests. The results achieved were analyzed to describe the infiltration performance of the PC pavements tested. Finally, the correlation between the results obtained from on-site tests and laboratory scale devices was studied, providing the regression equations required to apply the infiltration models developed with easily measurable parameters. Consequently, the outputs of this research showed the suitability of the proposed methodology for assessing the infiltration behavior of PC pavements during storm events

 Fuente: Water 2018, 10(4), 480

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 01/04/2018

Nº de páginas: 15

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.3390/w10040480

ISSN: 2073-4441

Proyecto español: BIA2015-65240-C2-1-R ; BIA2015-65240-C2-2-R