Reduction of CO2 emissions with automatic mooring systems. The case of the port of Santander.

Abstract: The revolutions in the maritime industry resulting from the implementation of integrated transport systems (bulk) and containerization (regular lines) at first had little effect on traditional mooring systems for ships in port. However, the research into innovation in automated mooring systems with increasingly advanced technologies carried on regardless. The so-called ?Automatic Mooring Systems? (AMS), automatic systems that allow vessels to be moored without ropes, are being increasingly implemented in numerous ports in many different countries in the world, particularly in those whose traffic volumes have allowed the threshold of profitability of these infrastructures to be reached. But besides the financial benefits, the implantation of the AMS is having positive effects on the environment by reducing CO2 emissions in many commercial ports. The present work aims to measure for the first time the reduction in the CO2 emissions of merchant vessels as a consequence of the substitution of traditional mooring systems with the new automatic systems, continuing along the lines of previous works in the field of the reduction in CO2 emissions in ports. The estimation is made by applying the EPA and ENTEC ?bottom-up? methodologies to the traffic in the port of Santander (Spain) in the year 2014. The implementation of the AMS, when compared to the traditional mooring systems, leads to a reduction in CO2 emissions of 76.78% calculated using the EPA method and 76.63% using the ENTEC method. Hence, the Port Authorities in their long-term planning decisions should promote the introduction of automatic mooring systems wherever the profitability thresholds of traffic allow it, as this will lead to significant environmental benefits by substantially reducing CO2 emissions during the maneuvers of merchant ships in maritime commercial ports.

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 Fuente: Atmospheric Pollution Research. 2017, 9(1), 76-83

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 12/07/2017

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.apr.2017.07.002

ISSN: 1309-1042

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2017.07.002