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Energy efficiency of load balancing for data-parallel applications in heterogeneous systems


Abstract: The use of heterogeneous systems in supercomputing is on the rise as they improve both performance and energy eciency. However, the pro- gramming of these machines requires considerable e ort to get the best results in massively data-parallel applications. Maat is a library that enables OpenCL programmers to eciently execute single data-parallel kernels using all the available devices on a heterogeneous system. It o ers a set of load balanc- ing methods, which perform the data partitioning and distribution among the devices, exploiting more of the performance of the system and consequently re- ducing execution time. Until now, however, a study of the implications of these on the energy consumption has not been made. Therefore, this paper analyses the energy eciency of the di erent load balancing methods compared to a baseline system that uses just a single GPU. To evaluate the impact of the heterogeneity of the system, the GPUs were set to di erent frequencies. The obtained results show that in all the studied cases there is at least one load balancing method that improves energy eciency.

 Fuente: J Supercomput (2017) 73 : 330-342

Editorial: Kluwer Academic Publishers

 Fecha de publicación: 01/01/2017

Nº de páginas: 13

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1007/s11227-016-1864-y

ISSN: 0920-8542,1573-0484

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11227-016-1864-y