Abstract: This study analyses whether loan officers' perception of the accounting information quality (AIQ) and the trustworthiness of SMEs are associated with a better willingness to grant them credit. Empirical evidence is obtained from a survey of 471 bank loan officers in Spain, who are asked to answer in relation to audited and not-audited firms. Using a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) approach, the results obtained confirm that the loan officers' willingness to facilitate SMEs' access to credit is positively influenced by their general perception about the AIQ, but only if it is audited. In the case of not-audited firms, AIQ does not play a direct role in credit granting decision, but is relevant in trust formation. Besides, in the case of audited firms, only the "competence" dimension of trust is relevant, whereas in not-audited firms, both "competence" and "honesty" have an impact on credit granting. "Benevolence" does not have an influence in any case. The study has implications for SMEs, banks, policy makers and auditors.