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To perform a systematic review of all cases of the association between Kikuchi's disease (KD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to ascertain the clinical and laboratory characteristics of this association (KD-SLE).
We conducted a systematic search of the scientific literature until 31 January 2016. For study purposes, only patients aged >14 years, with histologically proven KD, definite SLE and adequate clinical data were included. To compare KD-SLE against isolated KD and SLE, we selected 2 large series of patients with KD and 4 series of SLE patients.
The search found 158 adults with proven KD-SLE. Of these, 113 with sufficient clinical information were included; 86 were women (female:male ratio = 5.0); mean age at diagnosis was 34 years (range: 14-56 years); and an ethnic distribution of 50.5% Asian, 34% Caucasian, and 15% other. KD-SLE patients differed significantly from patients with isolated KD, presenting with a higher frequency of high fever (90%), severe KD (88%), and extranodal manifestations. When compared to patients with SLE, those with KD-SLE presented with a higher frequency of fever and systemic symptoms and a lower frequency of lupus nephritis (22%). SLE had been diagnosed before KD in 18% of cases, simultaneously in 51%, and after KD in 31%. No significant differences were found in terms of time of diagnosis.
While KD-SLE patients share many clinical and laboratory manifestations with SLE, they differ in a lower frequency of lupus nephritis. The relative time of diagnosis of each disease did not affect the clinical expression of KD-SLE.
Fuente: Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2017 Aug;47(1):46-52
Año de publicación: 2017
Nº de páginas: 7
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON
GONZÁLEZ QUINTELA, ARTURO