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Relationship of leptin with adiposity and inflammation and resistin with disease severity in psoriatic patients undergoing anti-TNF-alpha therapy

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Altered secretion patterns of proinflammatory adipokines may influence the increased risk of cardiovascular mortality observed in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether two adipokines, leptin and resistin, correlate with metabolic syndrome features and disease severity in psoriatic patients who underwent anti-TNF-a therapy. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive non-diabetic patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis who completed 6 months of therapy with anti-TNF-a- adalimumab. Patients with kidney disease, hypertension or body mass index =35 Kg/m(2) were excluded. Metabolic and clinical evaluation was performed at the onset of anti-TNF-a treatment and at month 6. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were assessed. A correlation between adiposity and leptin was observed (waist circumference and leptin levels after 6 months of therapy: r = 0.43; P = 0.030). Leptin concentration also correlated with blood pressure before adalimumab onset (systolic: r = 0.48; P = 0.013 and diastolic blood pressure: r = 0.50; P = 0.010 ). A marginally significant negative correlation between insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) and leptin levels was also observed. CRP levels correlated with leptin prior to the onset of adalimumab (r = 0.45; P = 0.020) and with resistin both before (r = 0.45; P = 0.020) and after 6 months of therapy (r = 0.55; P = 0.004). A positive association between parameters of disease activity such as BSA (r = 0.60; P = 0.001) and PASI (r = 0.63; P = 0.001) prior to the onset of adalimumab therapy and resistin concentrations was also disclosed. No significant changes in leptin and resistin concentrations following the 6-month treatment with adalimumab were seen. CONCLUSION: In patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis leptin correlates with metabolic syndrome features and inflammation whereas resistin correlate with inflammation and disease severity.

 Fuente: J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2015 Oct;29(10):1995-2001

Editorial: Blackwell Publishing Ltd

 Año de publicación: 2015

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/jdv.13131

ISSN: 0926-9959,1468-3083

Autores/as

PINA, T

GENRE, FERNANDA

LÓPEZ MEJÍAS, R

ARMESTO ALONSO, SUSANA

UBILLA GARCÍA, BEGOÑA

MIJARES DÍAZ, VERÓNICA