Electrochemical mineralization and detoxification of naphthenic acids on boron-doped diamond anodes

Abstract: Electrochemical oxidation (ELOX) with boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes was successfully applied to degrade a model aqueous solution of a mixture of commercial naphthenic acids (NAs). The model mixture was prepared resembling the NA and salt composition of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) as described in the literature. The initial concentration of NAs between 70 and 120 mg/L did not influence the electrooxidation kinetics. However, increasing the applied current density from 20 to 100 A/m2 and the initial chloride concentration from 15 to 70 and 150 mg/L accelerated the rate of NA degradation. At higher chloride concentration, the formation of indirect oxidative species could contribute to the faster oxidation of NAs. Complete chemical oxygen demand removal at an initial NA concentration of 120 mg/L, 70 mg/L of chloride and applied 50 A/m2 of current density was achieved, and 85% mineralization, defined as the decrease of the total organic carbon (TOC) content, was attained. Moreover, after 6 h of treatment and independently on the experimental conditions, the formation of more toxic species, i.e. perchlorate and organochlorinated compounds, was not detected. Finally, the use of ELOX with BDD anodes produced a 7 to 11-fold reduction of toxicity (IC50 towards Vibrio fischeri) after 2 h of treatment.

 Autoría: Diban N., Urtiaga A.,

 Fuente: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, 25(35), 34922-34929

Editorial: Springer Science + Business Media

 Fecha de publicación: 01/12/2018

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-1124-6

ISSN: 0944-1344

Proyecto español: CTM2016-75509-R

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-1124-6