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Chronological reassessment of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and Early Upper Paleolithic cultures in Cantabrian Spain

Abstract: Abstract: Methodological advances in dating the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition provide a better understanding of the replacement of local Neanderthal populations by Anatomically Modern Humans. Today we know that this replacement was not a single, pan-European event, but rather it took place at different times in different regions. Thus, local conditions could have played a role. Iberia represents a significant macro-region to study this process. Northern Atlantic Spain contains evidence of both Mousterian and Early Upper Paleolithic occupations, although most of them are not properly dated, thus hindering the chances of an adequate interpretation. Here we present 46 new radiocarbon dates conducted using ultrafiltration pre-treatment method of anthropogenically manipulated bones from 13 sites in the Cantabrian region containing Mousterian, Aurignacian and Gravettian levels, of which 30 are considered relevant. These dates, alongside previously reported ones, were integrated into a Bayesian age model to reconstruct an absolute timescale for the transitional period. According to it, the Mousterian disappeared in the region by 47.9?45.1ka cal BP, while the Châtelperronian lasted between 42.6k and 41.5ka cal BP. The Mousterian and Châtelperronian did not overlap, indicating that the latter might be either intrusive or an offshoot of the Mousterian. The new chronology also suggests that the Aurignacian appears between 43.3?40.5ka cal BP overlapping with the Châtelperronian, and ended around 34.6?33.1ka cal BP, after the Gravettian had already been established in the region. This evidence indicates that Neanderthals and AMH co-existed <1,000 years, with the caveat that no diagnostic human remains have been found with the latest Mousterian, Châtelperronian or earliest Aurignacian in Cantabrian Spain.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: PLOS ONE 13(6): e0199954

Editorial: Public Library of Science

 Fecha de publicación: 01/04/2018

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199954

ISSN: 1932-6203

Proyecto español: HAR2012-33956, RYC-2011-00695

Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/322112/EU/HUMAN SUBSISTENCE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN EUROPEAN REFUGIA: LATE NEANDERTHALS AND EARLY MODERN/EUROREFUGIA/

Autores/as

RIOS-GARAIZAR, JOSEBA

STRAUS, LAWRENCE G.

JENNIFER ROSE JONES

RASILLA, MARCO DE LA

RICHARDS, MICHAEL

ALTUNA ECHAVE, JESÚS

MARIEZKURRENA, KORO

OCIO, DAVID