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Biogas Production from Various Typical Organic Wastes Generated in the Region of Cantabria (Spain): Methane Yields and Co-Digestion Tests

Abstract: Batch trials were carried out to determine the methane potential yields of some typical organic wastes generated in the region of Cantabria (Spain): cocoa shell, cheese whey and sludges from dairy industry. Anaerobic co-digestion trials of these wastes with dairy manure were also investigated in batch at 35¢ªC. Cheese whey obtained similar methane yields than dairy manure, between 17.5 and 19.3 L CH4 kg.-1 cheese whey compared with 18.0 L CH4 kg.-1 manure. Methane yields of various sludge samples collected from wastewater treatment facilities of dairy industries were influenced by its origin. Sludge samples from fat separation devices were the most productive in terms of specific methane yields compared with biological sludge from an aerobic reactor. Sludge samples from fat separator reached specific methane productivities of 350 and 388 L CH4 kg.-1 VS (10.5 and 24.1 L CH4 kg.-1 sludge), whereas biological sludge yielded 125 L CH4 kg.-1 VS (12.6 L CH4 kg.-1 sludge). The methane potential of sludge samples was influenced by solids content. Cocoa shell resulted to be an interesting waste for anaerobic digestion due to its high VS content, yielding 195 L CH4 kg.-1 cocoa shell. It is a waste that can considerably improve methane yields in anaerobic co-digestion with dairy manure. However, at proportions of 10% cocoa shell, the process was hindered by hydrolysis of particulate matter. Anaerobic digestion at higher temperatures (thermophilic range) could be a better option for this kind of waste. Co-digestion of 5% cocoa shell with 35% dairy sludge and 60% dairy manure resulted in 80.5% higher methane production compared to anaerobic digestion of dairy manure alone.

 Fuente: Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 2014, 5, 128-136

Editorial: Scientific Research Pub.

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2014

Nº de páginas: 9

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2014.56012

ISSN: 2151-481X,2151-4844

Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/sgre.2014.56012