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Insulin resistance in hidradenitis suppurativa: a case-control study

Abstract: Background: The association between chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, and insulin resistance (IR) has been well established. Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease that affects the apocrine glandbearing areas of the body. Objective: We aimed to determine the prevalence of IR in patients with HS. Methods: This cross-sectional, case-control study enrolled 137 subjects, 76 patients with HS and 61 age- and gender-matched controls. Demographic data, clinical examination of HS patients, anthropometric measures, cardiovascular risk factors and laboratory studies were recorded. The homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) was calculated in all participants by measuring fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels. Results: The median (IQR) HOMA-IR value in HS patients was significantly higher [2.0 (1.0-3.6)] than in controls [1.5(0.9-2.3)] (p=0.01). The prevalence of IR was significantly higher in cases (43.4%) compared with controls (16.4%) (p=0.001). In the linear regression multivariable analysis after adjusting for age, sex and body mass index (BMI), HS remained as a significant factor for a higher HOMA-IR [2.51(0.18) vs 1.92(0.21); p=0.04]. The HOMA-IR value and the prevalence of IR did not differ significantly among HS patients grouped by severity of the disease. Conclusion: Our results show an increased frequency of IR in HS. Thus, we suggest HS patients to be evaluated for IR and managed accordingly.

 Fuente: J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2018 May;32(5):820-824

Editorial: Wiley

 Fecha de publicación: 01/05/2018

Nº de páginas: 19

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/jdv.14894

ISSN: 0926-9959,1468-3083

Autores/as

VILANOVA URDANIZ, IOSUNE

MATA ARNAIZ, MARÍA CRISTINA

DURÁN, C

PORTILLA GONZÁLEZ, VIRGINIA

FUENTEVILLA RODRÍGUEZ, PATRICIA

ALFONSO FERNANDO CORRALES MARTINEZ

RICARDO BLANCO ALONSO