The PSML format and library for norm-conserving pseudopotential data curation and interoperability

Abstract: Norm-conserving pseudopotentials are used by a significant number of electronic-structure packages, but the practical differences among codes in the handling of the associated data hinder their interoperability and make it difficult to compare their results. At the same time, existing formats lack provenance data, which makes it difficult to track and document computational workflows. To address these problems, we first propose a file format (PSML) that maps the basic concepts of the norm-conserving pseudopotential domain in a flexible form and supports the inclusion of provenance information and other important metadata. Second, we provide a software library (libPSML) that can be used by electronic structure codes to transparently extract the information in the file and adapt it to their own data structures, or to create converters for other formats. Support for the new file format has been already implemented in several pseudopotential generator programs (including ATOM and ONCVPSP), and the library has been linked with SIESTA and ABINIT, allowing them to work with the same pseudopotential operator (with the same local part and fully non-local projectors) thus easing the comparison of their results for the structural and electronic properties, as shown for several example systems. This methodology can be easily transferred to any other package that uses norm-conserving pseudopotentials, and offers a proof-of-concept for a general approach to interoperability. Program summary: Program title: libPSML Program Files doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/3pgbsjy4vf.1 Licensing provisions: BSD 3-clause Programming language: Fortran External routines/libraries: xmlf90 for XML handling in Fortran (http://launchpad.net/xmlf90) Nature of problem: Enhancing the interoperability of electronic-structure codes by sharing pseudopotential data Solution method: Create an XML-based pseudopotential format (PSML), complete with a formal schema, and a processing library (libPSML) that transparently connects client codes to the information in the format. References: http://esl.cecam.org/PSML © 2018 The Author(s)

 Fuente: Computer Physics Communications 227 (2018) 51?71

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2018

Nº de páginas: 21

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2018.02.011

ISSN: 0010-4655

Proyecto español: FIS2012-37549-C05-05 ;

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2018.02.011 ; FIS2015-64886-C5-4-P ; RTC-2016-5681-7