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Independent relationship of osteoprotegerin concentrations with endothelial activation and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: Objective. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) may contribute to the link between systemic inflammation and increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated the relationship of OPG concentrations with endothelial activation and carotid atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. OPG concentrations and those of endothelial activation molecules were measured by using ELISA in 34 patients who were treated with infliximab (IFX), both immediately before and after an IFX infusion. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and plaque were determined by ultrasound in 27 of the study participants. Results. Median (interquartile range) OPG concentrations decreased from 4.8 pmol/l (2.8–6.5) to 4.4 pmol/l (2.9–6.1; p = 0.04) upon IFX infusion. Baseline OPG concentrations were inversely associated with those of total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (partial R = –0.50, p = 0.004, and R = –0.48, p = 0.007, respectively). Prior to IFX administration, OPG concentrations were associated with those of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 (partial R = 0.34, p = 0.05), CIMT (partial R = 0.51 to 0.52, p < 0.009), and plaque (OR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.01–2.29 to OR = 1.61, 95% CI 1.03–2.51; p < 0.04), independent of conventional risk factors and C-reactive protein concentrations or disease activity. Except for the OPG concentrations-plaque association (p = 0.09), these relationships remained significant subsequent to IFX administration (p < 0.05). Reductions in OPG levels related to those in vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 concentrations (partial R = 0.35, p = 0.04) and had borderline significance (p = 0.09) with those in ICAM-1 (partial R = 0.29) concentrations. Conclusion. OPG concentrations are independently associated with endothelial activation and carotid atherosclerosis in RA. Reductions in OPG concentrations upon IFX administration are associated with decreased endothelial activation. OPG may be involved in increased cardiovascular disease risk and may improve its stratification in patients with RA.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: J Rheumatol. 2014 Mar;41(3):429-36

Editorial: The Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited

 Año de publicación: 2014

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.131037

ISSN: 0315-162X

Proyecto español: PI06/0024, PS09/00748, PI12/00060, RD08/0075, RD12/0009/0013