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Cannabis consumption and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. A three years longitudinal study in first episode non-affective psychosis patients

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Increased incidence of obesity and excess weight lead to an increased incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recent evidence indicates a protective effect of cannabis consumption on weight gain and related metabolic alterations in psychosis patients. Overall, patients are at greater risk of presenting fatty diseases, such as NAFLD, partly due to lipid and glycemic metabolic disturbances. However, there are no previous studies on the likely effect of cannabis on liver steatosis. We aimed to explore if cannabis consumption had an effect on hepatic steatosis, in a sample of first-episode (FEP) non-affective psychosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 390 patients were evaluated at baseline and after 3?years of initiating the antipsychotic treatment. Anthropometric measurements and liver, lipid, and glycemic parameters were obtained at both time points. All but 6.7% of patients were drug-naïve at entry, and they self-reported their cannabis use at both time points. Liver steatosis and fibrosis were evaluated through validated clinical scores (Fatty Liver Index [FLI], Fibrosis-4 [FIB-4], and NAFLD). RESULTS: At 3-year follow-up, cannabis users presented significantly lower FLI scores than non-users (F?=?13.874; p?

 Fuente: Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. Volume 95, 20 December 2019, 109677

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/12/2019

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.109677

ISSN: 0278-5846,1878-4216

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.109677

Autores/as

VICTOR ORTIZ GARCIA DE LA FOZ

SUAREZ PEREIRA, IRENE

IRUZUBIETA, PAULA

Mª ESTHER SETIEN SUERO

MARIA ROSA AYESA ARRIOLA

MARCOS GOMEZ REVUELTA