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Cu/Bi metal-organic framework-based systems for an enhanced electrochemical transformation of CO2 to alcohols

Abstract: This work assesses the performance of Cu(II) and Bi(III)-based metal-organic framework (HKUST-1 and CAU-17, respectively) blends into the electroreduction of CO2 to alcohols in a filter-press electrochemical cell. The bimetallic materials are supported onto porous carbon paper to form gas diffusion electrodes with a favorable continuous electrochemical conversion of CO2 to methanol and ethanol, together with formic acid and gas-phase products (i.e. hydrogen, carbon monoxide and ethylene) in a 0.5 M KHCO3 aqueous solution. The maximum reaction rates and faradaic efficiencies for CO2 conversion to methanol and ethanol are rCH3OH=29.7 umol·m2·s-1 (FE=8.6%) and rC2H5OH=48.8 umol·m2·s-1 (FE=28.3%), respectively, at j=20mA·cm2 which enhanced the values obtained at homometallic Cu and Bi-based materials independently. This denotes a synergic effect of Cu and Bi-based MOFs, associated with a favored interplay between the actives sites and reaction intermediates, prompting methanol formation and CC coupling reaction to ethanol. The results also show that reaction selectivity to produce alcohols can be controlled by Cu/Bi loading in the electrode surface and current density applied to the system. A 12% bismuth content seems to be the optimum for the production of alcohols (FEalcohols=36.9%, Salcohols=?0.32). Regarding the current density, CO2 reduction is more selective to methanol with a j=10mA·cm2 (FECH3OH=18.2%), while at j=20mA·cm2, ethanol becomes the dominant CO2 reduction alcohol (FEC2H5OH=28.3%). The performance of the Cu/Bi-MOFs remains also pseudo-stable after 5 h of operation denoting the potential of the mixed metal-organic systems for the utilization of CO2.

 Autoría: Albo J., Perfecto-Irigaray M., Beobide G., Irabien A.,

 Fuente: Journal of CO2 Utilization, 2019, 33, 157-165

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2019

Nº de páginas: 9

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jcou.2019.05.025

ISSN: 2212-9820,2212-9839

Proyecto español: CTQ2016-76231-C2-1-R ; MAT2016-75883-C2-1-P

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2019.05.025