Assessing the influence of the input variables employed by fire dynamics simulator (FDS) software to model numerically solid-phase pyrolysis of cardboard

Abstract: Understanding a material's fire behaviour implies to know the thermal decomposition processes. Thermal analysis techniques are widely employed to study thermal decomposition processes, especially to calculate the kinetic and thermal properties. Cardboard boxes are widely employed as rack-storage commodities in industrial buildings. Hence, the characterization of the cardboard is considered a key factor for fire safety engineering, because it enables the determination of its thermal behaviour at high temperatures. The employment of mathematical or computational models for modelling the thermal decomposition processes is commonly used in fire safety engineering (FSE). The fire dynamics simulator (FDS) software is one of the most commonly used computational fluid dynamics softwares in FSE to address thermal analysis. To properly set up FDS and obtain accurate results, the numerical values of the thermal and kinetic properties are needed as input data. Owing to the large number of variables to be determined, a preliminary study is bound to be helpful, which can well assess the influence of each variable over the pyrolysis model, discarding or restricting their influence. This study, based on the Monte Carlo method, presents a sensitivity analysis for the variables utilized as input data by the FDS software. The results show the conversion factor ?, i.e. the mass involved in each reaction, and the triplet kinetics have a major impact on the reproduction of the thermal decomposition process in fire computer modelling.

 Autoría: Alonso A., Lázaro M., Lázaro P., Lázaro D., Alvear D.,

 Fuente: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2020, 140(5), 263-273

Editorial: Springer Netherlands

 Fecha de publicación: 01/05/2020

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1007/s10973-019-08804-6

ISSN: 1388-6150,1588-2926

Proyecto español: RTC2017-6066-8

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-019-08804-6