Abstract: The Master Curve approach allows the full characterisation of the ductile to brittle transition region (DBTR) of ferritic steels to be performed with a reduced number of tests. In this paper, the approach has been combined with the application of the small punch (SP) test. Modified SP specimens have been successfully employed to estimate the fracture toughness values of a pressure vessel steel and three structural steels. In addition, a methodology has been proposed, including a validity criterion for the performed tests. The estimated reference temperatures have been compared to the values obtained by means of full-scale conventional techniques. A unique simple relationship between both methodologies has been established for all the analysed materials. Therefore, this paper confirms the suitability of the small punch testing technique for the characterisation of the DBTR of several ferritic steels. It is a promising, simple and cost-effective test, which can be performed with simple equipment.