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Abstract: Burins are a geographic and time-transgressive tool type, found in lithic industries throughout the world. The
defining feature of a burin is the administration of a precisely placed blow (i.e., burin blow) on a natural or
prepared striking platform at the edge of a blank. Burins were used for various activities, such as fashioning
hunting equipment, figurines, musical instruments, or other decorative objects manufactured from wood, antler,
or bone. In other settings, researchers have observed burins that were also used as cores, demonstrating the
flexibility and utility of this tool type. Here we present the results of technological, typological and functional
analyses of three burin assemblages from the Late Paleolithic of Dhofar, southern Arabia. Technological analysis
indicates a significant degree of standardized production. Functional analysis suggests that these tools have been
used in woodworking activities. Traceological studies suggest that the function of the burin blow was not the
creation of an active working face, as often seen in the Southwest Asian and European Upper Paleolithic; rather,
the burin blow functioned to stabilize the truncation and working edge of the tool. Traces of use have been
identified mainly on the wide truncations, indicating that the artifacts were likely used to plane broad wooden
surfaces. From these observations, we infer that woodworking was a significant component of Late Paleolithic
human activity in Dhofar.
Fuente: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports Volume 20, August 2018, Pages 115-134
Fecha de publicación: 01/08/2018
Nº de páginas: 20
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.04.010
HILBERT, YMANDÚ H.
JEAN MARIE GEILING
JESUS SETIEN MARQUINEZ
ESTELA RUIZ MARTINEZ
ROSE, JEFFREY I.