Buscar

Woodworking sites from the Late Paleolithic of South Arabia: Functional and technological analysis of burins from Dhofar, Oman


Abstract: Burins are a geographic and time-transgressive tool type, found in lithic industries throughout the world. The defining feature of a burin is the administration of a precisely placed blow (i.e., burin blow) on a natural or prepared striking platform at the edge of a blank. Burins were used for various activities, such as fashioning hunting equipment, figurines, musical instruments, or other decorative objects manufactured from wood, antler, or bone. In other settings, researchers have observed burins that were also used as cores, demonstrating the flexibility and utility of this tool type. Here we present the results of technological, typological and functional analyses of three burin assemblages from the Late Paleolithic of Dhofar, southern Arabia. Technological analysis indicates a significant degree of standardized production. Functional analysis suggests that these tools have been used in woodworking activities. Traceological studies suggest that the function of the burin blow was not the creation of an active working face, as often seen in the Southwest Asian and European Upper Paleolithic; rather, the burin blow functioned to stabilize the truncation and working edge of the tool. Traces of use have been identified mainly on the wide truncations, indicating that the artifacts were likely used to plane broad wooden surfaces. From these observations, we infer that woodworking was a significant component of Late Paleolithic human activity in Dhofar.



Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports Volume 20, August 2018, Pages 115-134

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/08/2018

Nº de páginas: 20

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.04.010

ISSN: 2352-409X,2352-4103

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.04.010

Autores/as

HILBERT, YMANDÚ H.
CLEMENTE-CONTE, IGNACIO
JEAN MARIE GEILING
ESTELA RUIZ MARTINEZ
LENTFER, CAROL
ROOTS, VEERLE
ROSE, JEFFREY I.