Abstract: The expansion of new national high-speed rail (HSR) networks, together with the emergence of a new urban paradigm, requires a re?ection on previous experience, enabling the de?nition of better policy proposals for station-area planning. The HSR network in Spain o?ers one of the world?s longest trajectories but in order to draw lessons from previous experience an appropriate analytical framework must be established, ful?lling at least three conditions: (a) inclusion of cases from di?erent periods -verifying an evolution or a constant pattern-; (b) basis in quanti?able parameters speci?c to HSR areas -allowing comparison among cases- and (c) coherence with contemporary planning criteria. With these three premises in mind, this paper builds a methodological framework analyzing parameters related to density, compactness, diversity of uses, public space, centrality and the barrier e?ect, extracted from the comparative analysis of 12 approved Station-area Plans. The results show a common pattern that reveals a mixed urban model which combines compactness with the creation of large open spaces; as well as a progressive minimization of the barrier e?ect over the last 25 years. The veri?cation of these results reinforces some hypotheses of the literature, but also introduces new criteria for incorporation into policy proposals for HSR stations.
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