Cancer Patients and Anxiety: A Gender Perspective

Abstract: The complexity of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer means that it is often associated with anxiety symptoms. The aim of our study was to further our understanding of the oncological process and the presence of anxiety symptoms, from a gender perspective. A cross-sectional study was performed, examining 402 medical records obtained by simple random sampling of oncology patients at a hospital in northern Spain from July 2012 to July 2014. Data collection took place between February and May 2015. Psychiatric and sociodemographic variables were gathered, as well as pain variables and information regarding the oncological process. The data analysis included a descriptive univariate analysis and a bivariate analysis, and a logistic regression model was performed. Our results suggest that women with cancer suffer more anxiety symptoms than men with cancer. Women with anxiety symptoms represented 76.5% of all patients with anxiety. The OR of suffering anxiety symptoms between women and men was 2.43 (95% CI 1.05?5.63) (p = 0.04). A greater incidence of anxiety symptoms was found in patients with cancer pain and oncological treatment with biological therapy. Our results suggest that the gender perspective is necessary in the management of mental health in patients with cancer. Nonetheless, further studies are necessary to confirm our findings

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1302

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2020

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17041302

ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041302