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The Effect of Pressure on Halogen Bonding in 4-Iodobenzonitrile

Abstract: The crystal structure of 4-iodobenzonitrile, which is monoclinic (space group I2/a) under ambient conditions, contains chains of molecules linked through C?N···I halogen-bonds. The chains interact through CH···I, CH···N and ?-stacking contacts. The crystal structure remains in the same phase up to 5.0 GPa, the b axis compressing by 3.3%, and the a and c axes by 12.3 and 10.9 %. Since the chains are exactly aligned with the crystallographic b axis these data characterise the compressibility of the I···N interaction relative to the inter-chain interactions, and indicate that the halogen bond is the most robust intermolecular interaction in the structure, shortening from 3.168(4) at ambient pressure to 2.840(1) Å at 5.0 GPa. The ????? contacts are most sensitive to pressure, and in one case the perpendicular stacking distance shortens from 3.6420(8) to 3.139(4) Å. Packing energy calculations (PIXEL) indicate that the ????? interactions have been distorted into a destabilising region of their potentials at 5.0 GPa. The structure undergoes a transition to a triclinic ( P1¯ ) phase at 5.5 GPa. Over the course of the transition, the initially colourless and transparent crystal darkens on account of formation of microscopic cracks. The resistance drops by 10% and the optical transmittance drops by almost two orders of magnitude. The I···N bond increases in length to 2.928(10) Å and become less linear [

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Molecules 2019, 24(10), 2018

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2019

Nº de páginas: 23

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

ISSN: 1420-3049,1433-1373

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24102018

Autores/as

GIORDANO, NICO

AFANASJEVS, SERGEJS

BEAVERS, CHRISTINE M.

HOBDAY, CLAIRE L.

KAMENEV, KONSTANTIN V.

O´BANNON, EARL F.

TEAT, SIMÓN J.

PARSONS, SIMON