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Landscape dynamics and human impact on high-mountain woodlands in the western Spanish Central System during the last three millennia

Abstract: A multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental study (pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, charcoal particles) of a mire, located in the western Spanish Central System (Gredos range), was undertaken to trace historic human activities related to woodland clearance and past land-uses at high altitudes during the last three millennia. The results of this study constrained by 4 AMS radiocarbon measurements are combined with archaeological data and compared with similar research carried out at the same altitude in mountains of central Iberia. The pollen data indicate that high-mountain areas were dominated by birch and pine woodlands until c. 2350 years. From this date on a strong forest decline is recorded during the Late Iron Age and a deeper one c. 1500 years ago in the Visigothic period, which may be related to increasing grazing activities and/or the occurrence of anthropogenic fires. Cereals and faba beans were cultivated in the surrounding valley since c. 2900 cal BP, while chestnut, walnut and olive tree are documented mainly from the Roman period onwards.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports Volume 9, October 2016, Pages 203-218

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2016

Nº de páginas: 16

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.07.027

ISSN: 2352-409X,2352-4103

Proyecto español: HAR2013-43701-P

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.07.027

Autores/as

LÓPEZ-SÁEZ, JOSÉ ANTONIO

ABEL-SCHAAD, DANIEL

ROBLES-LÓPEZ, SANDRA

ALBA-SÁNCHEZ, FRANCISCA

NIETO-LUGILDE, DIEGO