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North Iberian temperature and rainfall seasonality over the Younger Dryas and Holocene


Abstract: Several stalagmite records have yielded important but discontinuous insights into northern Iberian climate since the Last Glacial. Here we present the first continuous Iberian stalagmite-based recon- struction of climate since the Bølling-Allerød interstadial, from a single stalagmite sample (GAR-01 from La Garma Cave, Cantabria). The ~13.5 ka GAR-01 record provides the opportunity for replication, continuation, and aggregation of previously published records from northern Spain. The GAR-01 record reveals shifts in oxygen isotope ratios that are inexplicable by appealing to a single control (i.e., exclu- sively temperature, rainfall amount, etc.). Herein we explore the potential role of rainfall and tempera- ture seasonality shifts on the new d18O record using a simple Monte Carlo approach to estimate the seasonal distribution of rainfall and the annual temperature range at 100-year timeslices across the record. This model is corroborated by intervals of monthly-resolved laser ablation trace element data, providing glimpses into past Iberian seasonality shifts. The most salient features of the modelled results include extremely dry Younger Dryas winters (~12.9-11.6 ka BP) and several intervals during the mid- Holocene with almost no summer rainfall (e.g., at 4.2 and 9.0 ka BP). By 1.6 ka BP, a near-modern rainfall seasonality was established. According to the modelling results, seasonal rainfall and temperature distribution variability can account for 95% of the record. The model presented here provides a new tool for extracting critical missing seasonality information from stalagmite d18O records. Intervals where the model does not converge may represent transient climate anomalies with unusual origins that warrant further investigation

 Fuente: Quaternary Science Reviews, 226 (2019), 105998

Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Fecha de publicación: 15/12/2019

Nº de páginas: 22

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105998

ISSN: 0277-3791,1873-457X

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105998

Autores/as

BALDINI, LISA
BALDINI, JAMES
MCDERMOTT, FRANK
FAIRCHILD, IAN
HOFFMANN, DIRK
MATTEY, DAVID
MÜLLER, WOLFGANG
NITA, DAN
ROBERTO ONTAÑON PEREDO
CRISTINA GARCIA-MONCO PIÑEIRO
RICHARDS, DAVID